Exploring National Employability Report Engineers 2014 - Part I

The National Employability Report (NER) for Engineers by Aspiring Minds has now become an authoritative source for employability statistics on Indian engineers as well as an auditory mechanism for higher education in India. In this special three part series, we would explore the findings of third edition of NER-Engineers (2014). The report looks at the entire education to employment ecosystem which starts from understanding candidate aspirations, exploring their capability and competencies and finally analyzing the kind of jobs the students finally get.

Methodology

The report is based on a sample of more than 1,20,000 engineering students from 520+ engineering colleges across multiple Indian states. All these candidates graduated in 2014. The analysis and findings of this report are based on the results of these students on AMCAT: Aspiring Minds Computer Adaptive Test, which is India's largest and only standardized employability test. AMCAT covers all objective parameters such as English communication, Quantitative aptitude, problem-solving skills, knowledge of domain areas such as Computer Science and Programming, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering etc. for determining employability in the IT/ITeS& other core engineering roles. Employability has been quantified based on the benchmarking studies done at various companies in different sectors by Aspiring Minds.

Findings - Employability by Region

In the first part of the series we would look at employability trends based on region to understand whether demographic factors of a region influence its employability. We look at employability percentages by grouping campuses (and students' permanent address) by their region, the regions being defined according to different demographic parameters.

  1. Employability by Tier of Cities - There is a drop in employability in all roles as we go from campuses located in Tier 1 to Tier 2 and 3 cities. Oddly the difference in employability is generally low from Tier 2 to Tier 3 city colleges whereas the decrease from Tier 1 to Tier 2 city colleges is drastic. Another interesting data shows that there are atleast 13,000 employable engineers in tier 3 cities, a group which gets neglected by companies simply because of their campus locations.


    Figure 1: Employability Percentage across Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3 Cities
  2. Employability across States - The research looked at the employability of candidates based on their campus state and were placed in four bins in the decreasing order of employability in Software Engineer role, i.e. the states with highest employability percentages were placed in the Top 25 percentile bin while those with lower employability percentages were placed in the subsequent bins.
     
    Software Engineer - IT Services 2014
    Top 25 Percentile Bihar+Jharkhand
    Delhi
    Punjab
    Uttarakhand
    75 to 50 Percentile Gujarat
    Madhya Pradesh
    Maharashtra
    West Bengal
    50 to 25 Percentile Haryana
    Karnataka
    Orissa
    Rajasthan
    Bottom 25 Percentile Andhra Pradesh
    Chhattisgarh
    Kerala
    Tamil Nadu
    Uttar Pradesh
    Table 1: States categorized in 25 percentile bins basis employability in Software Engineer - IT Services role
  3. Employability in Metros vs. Non-Metros - As expected students studying in metros are more employable than those studying in non-metros; however the gap is prominent only for specific roles like KPOs, Content Developers and Design Engineers. In terms of scores, the widest gap between metro and non-metro students is that in English which might be attributed to the fact that students studying in metro cities have more exposure to communication in English language.


    Figure 2: Employability percentage: Metros Vs. Non-Metro Colleges
  4. Employability in Key Cities - Delhi (North) shows the highest employability, followed by Kolkata (East) and cities in the West, while the lowest employability figures were observed among colleges in Southern cities. The reason for this skew in employability can be explained by the trend in number of colleges in each of these cities. The proliferation of engineering colleges in Southern and Western India has brought down the employability figures. In comparison, there are far fewer engineering colleges both in Delhi and Kolkata. This is despite the fact that the population of Delhi is much more than Southern cities, being comparable to that of Mumbai.


    Figure 3: Employability Percentage in different Metro cities
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In the next part of the series we would delve into the aspiration of engineers - what kind of job roles attract them, sectors and companies do they aspire to work in, what is their salary expectation etc. We would also try and understand how job aspirations of students change with their branch of study, gender and tier of city amongst others.